Orvieto has been a city of great prestige in several different historical periods. It was one of the most important Etruscan towns, way before the Roman Empire, then later became a Roman colony and later a powerful Medieval and Renaissance city. The city deserves a visit, for its monuments, museums, churches and palaces. The most important monument is the Duomo. It is a magnificent building that brings together different architectural styles. In particular we can define a fine example and balance of the Gothic and Romanesque styles. Beside the Duomo there are other several tourist attractions such as Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo, the churches of Sant’Andrea, San Francesco, San Giovenale (the oldest church in Umbria), the Moro Clock Tower, the St. Patrick’s Well, the Etruscan Well of Via della Cava, the Albornoz Fortress, the Etruscan Temple of the Belvedere.

Pozzo di San Patrizio (St Patrick’s Well) In 1527 during the “Sack of Rome” the then Pope Clement VII took refuge at Orvieto, he commissioned Antonio da Sangallo the Younger in the construction of the Well to serve as the water supply in case of siege in Orvieto.

Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo The palace, built around the 14th Century, was home to a very important institutional figure of the city during the Middle Ages: The Capitano del Popolo (Captain of the People). This was a very popular figure in Italy and in other towns; he had an important role in representing the people.

Sant’Andrea Church Located beside the Town Hall in the beautiful Piazza della Repubblica, this church has undergone significant architectural changes over time, and now has a beautiful facade flanked by a twelve-sided tower, similar to the tower of La Badia, an ancient monastery just off the cliff of Orvieto.

San Giovenale Church The oldest church in Orvieto, San Giovenale was built in 1004 on the ruins of an ancient Etruscan temple (probably dedicated to Tinia the Etruscan Jupiter), by the unanimous desire of the rich nobles of the medieval city. It is set in the most ancient area of the city.

Pozzo della Cava This is an Etruscan Well, dug entirely by hand at a depth of 36 meters (over 118 feet).The structure consists of two parts merged: the first, largest one, has a circular cross section with an average diameter of 3 meters and 40 centimeters. The second, smaller one, has a rectangular section of 60×80 cm sides and has the typical Etruscan “pedarole”, the point marked on the side walls to allow the descent and ascent.

Orvieto Underground Orvieto, a millenary city suspended almost by magic between heaven and earth, has revealed another of those aspects that make it unique and extraordinary: a labyrinth of grottoes is hidden in the silent darkness of the rupe (rock). The distinctive geological nature of the mass of stone on which it stands allowed its inhabitants to dig, in the course of about 2500 years, an incredible number of cavities extending, overlapping and intersecting beneath the modern structure of the city. They make up a precious repository of historical and archaeological information, only recently studied systematically and scientifically. If the “superficial” aspect of the city has changed with the passing of time, the hypogean structures that were functional to it have remained, mostly, intact. The guided tour of “Orvieto Underground” is therefore, the most suitable tool for coming into contact with this new, very unusual cultural aspect of a city extremely wealthy in history and artistic “jewels”. Step after step mysterious and fascinating echoes tell of Etruscan Velzna, while phantoms of the medieval and Renaissance city appear out of the damp shadows.